Capital and Funding

Updated: Jul 8

Published: April 2015


The compute power of Global Valuation and ability to calculate over a billion paths makes accurate FVA and KVA modelling possible and fast enough to drive individual business decisions.






Banking operations are being rewired around a pair of KVA/FVA metrics which quantify market incompleteness, i.e. the impossibility of perfect replication. The FVA is the cost of funding of debt liabilities while the KVA is the risk adjustment for equity liabilities, also called cost of capital. The two metrics are intertwined with each other, since equity capital is itself a source of funding, fungible with debt financing.


In this paper, we define the KVA and FVA metrics in terms of projections for Economic Capital and costs of funding. If implemented within the proper accounting framework, KVA/FVA mark-to-market leads to reporting rules for earnings which are both informative and useful to devise a sustainable strategy for dividend payments.

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